An Ethiopian Journal

"Until lions have their historians, tales of the hunt shall always glorify the hunters"

The ancient Ethiopians and their widespread influence on the early history of civilization

with 32 comments

http://www.nbufront.org/MastersMuseums/JGJackson/EthiopiaOriginOfCivilization.html
A Critical Review of the Evidence of Archaeology, Anthropology, History and Comparative Religion: According to the Most Reliable Sources and Authorities
By John G. Jackson (1939)
___

“…
In discussing the origin of civilization in the ancient Near East, Professor Charles Seignobos in his History of Ancient Civilization, notes that the first civilized inhabitants of the Nile and Tigris-Euphrates valleys, were a dark-skinned people with short hair and prominent lips; and that they are referred to by some scholars as Cushites (Ethiopians), and as Hamites by others. This ancient civilization of the Cushites, out of which the earliest cultures of Egypt and Mesopotamia grew, was not confined to the Near East. Traces of it have been found all over the world.

In modern geography the name Ethiopia is confined to the country known as Abyssinia, an extensive territory in East Africa. In ancient times Ethiopia extended over vast domains in both Africa and Asia. “It seems certain,” declares Sir E. A. Wallis Budge, “that classical historians and geographers called the whole region from India to Egypt, both countries inclusive, by the name of Ethiopia, and in consequence they regarded all the dark-skinned and black peoples who inhabited it as Ethiopians. Mention is made of Eastern and Western Ethiopians and it is probable that the Easterners were Asiatics and the Westerners Africans.” (History of Ethiopia, Vol. I., Preface, by Sir E. A. Wallis Budge.) In addition Budge notes that, “Homer and Herodotus call all the peoples of the Sudan, Egypt, Arabia, Palestine and Western Asia and India Ethiopians.” (Ibid., p. 2.) Herodotus wrote in his celebrated History that both the Western Ethiopians, who lived in Africa, and the Eastern Ethiopians who dwelled in India, were black in complexion, but that the Africans had curly hair, while the Indians were straight-haired. (The aboriginal black inhabitants of India are generally referred to as the Dravidians, of whom more will be said as we proceed.) Another classical historian who wrote about the Ethiopians was Strabo, from whom we quote the following: “I assert that the ancient Greeks, in the same way as they classed all the northern nations with which they were familiar as Scythians, etc., so, I affirm, they designated as Ethiopia the whole of the southern countries toward the ocean.” Strabo adds that “if the moderns have confined the appellation Ethiopians to those only who dwell near Egypt, this must not be allowed to interfere with the meaning of the ancients.” Ephorus says that: “The Ethiopians were considered as occupying all the south coasts of both Asia and Africa,” and adds that “this is an ancient opinion of the of the Greeks.” Then we have the view of Stephanus of Byzantium, that: “Ethiopia was the first established country on earth; and the Ethiopians were the first who introduced the worship of the gods, and who established laws.” The vestiges of this early civilization have been found in Nubia, the Egyptian Sudan, West Africa, Egypt, Mashonaland, India, Persia, Mesopotamia, Arabia, South America, Central America, Mexico, and the United States. Any student who doubts this will find ample evidence in such works as The Voice of Africa, by Dr. Leo Froebenius; Prehistoric Nations, and Ancient America, by John D. Baldwin; Rivers of Life, by Major-General J. G. R. Forlong; A Book of the Beginnings by Gerald Massey; Children of the Sun and The Growth of Civilization, by W. J. Perry; The Negro by Professor W.E.B. DuBois; The Anacalypsis, by Sir Godfrey Higgins; Isis Unveiled by Madam H. P. Blavatsky; The Diffusion of Culture, by Sir Grafton Elliot Smith; The Mediterranean Race, by Professor Sergi; The Ruins of Empires, by Count Volney; The Races of Europe, by Professor William Z. Ripley; and last but not least, the brilliant monographs of Mr. Maynard Shipley: New Light on Prehistoric Cultures and Americans of a Million Years Age.

In the study of ancient affairs, folklore and tradition throw an invaluable light on historical records. In Greek mythology we read of the great Ethiopian king, Cepheus, whose fame was so great that he and his family were immortalized in the stars. The wife of King Cepheus was Queen Cassiopeia, and his daughter, Princess Andromeda. The star groups of the celestial sphere, which are named after them are called the ROYAL FAMILY—(the constellations: CEPHEUS, CASSIOPEIA and ANDROMEDA.) It may seem strange that legendary rulers of ancient Ethiopia should still have their names graven on our star maps, but the voice of history gives us a clue. A book on astrology attributed to Lucian declares that: “The Ethiopians were the first who invented the science of stars, and gave names to the planets, not at random and without meaning, but descriptive of the qualities which they conceived them to possess; and it was from them that this art passed, still in an imperfect state, to the Egyptians.” The Ethiopian origin of astronomy is beautifully explained by Count Volney in a passage in his Ruins of Empires, which is one of the glories of modern literature, and his argument is not based on guesses.

We read of Memnon, King of Ethiopia, in Greek mythology, to be exact in Homer’s Iliad,where he leads an army of Elamites and Ethiopians to the assistance of King Priam in the Trojan War. His expedition is said to have started from the African Ethiopia and to have passed through Egypt on the way to Troy.

Another great nation of Ethiopian origin was Elam, a country which stretched from the Tigris River to the Zagros Mountains of Persia. Its capital was the famous city of Susa, which was founded about 4,000 B.C., and flourished from that date to its destruction by Moslem invaders about the year 650 C.E.

We cannot devote much space to the early inhabitants of India, though they were beyond all doubt an Ethiopic ethnic type. They are described by Professor Lynn Thorndike as “short black men with almost Negro noses.” (Short History of Civilization, p. 227, New York, 1936.) Dr. Will Durant pictures these early Hindus as “a dark-skinned, broad-nosed people whom, without knowing the origin or the word, we call Dravidians.” (Short History of Civilization, Part I, p. 396, New York, 1935.)

Most readers of history know about the Celts, ancient inhabitants of Europe, whose priests were known as the Druids. It is generally thought that these Celts were Caucasoids, but Sir Godfrey Higgins, after much study came to the conclusion that they were a Negroid people. Higgins wrote a ponderous volume entitled The Celtic Druids. In the following passage from his Anacalypsis he modestly refers to it as an essay: “In my essay on the Celtic Druids, I have shown that a great nation called Celtae, of whom the Druids were the priests, spread themselves almost over the whole earth, and are to be traced in their rude gigantic monuments from India to the extremity of Britain. The religion of Buddha of India is well known to have been very ancient.” (Higgins is here referring to the first Buddha, who is supposed to have lived between 5,000 and 6,000 years ago, and not to Gautama Buddha who lived about 600 years B.C. There were at least ten Buddhas mentioned in the sacred books of India.) “Who these can have been but the early individuals of the black nation of whom we have been treating I know not, and in this opinion I am not singular. The learned Maurice says Cuthies (Cushites), i.e. Celts, built the great temples in India and Britain, and excavated the caves of the former; and the learned mathematician, Reuben Burrow, has no hesitation in pronouncing Stonehenge to be a temple of the black curly-headed Buddha.” (Anacalypsis, Vol. I, Book I, Chap. IV, New York, 1927.)

Most of us are familiar with the Mayan civilization of Yucatan and Central America, since American archaeologists have devoted many years of intensive research to these territories. Among the speculations concerning the origin of this culture, those of LePlongeon and Raquena are the most valuable. Professor Rafael Requena, a Venezuelan archaeologist, holds that there was once an island in the Atlantic Ocean, of continental dimensions, known to the ancients as Atlantis, that this island was settled by Egyptians, who in turn established colonies in America before the submergence of Atlantis…That Atlantis was connected with the history of ancient Ethiopia there can be little doubt. The Greek philosopher, Proclus, stated in his works that he could present evidence that Atlantis at one time actually existed. He cited as his authority The Ethiopian History of Marcellus. In referring to Ethiopian history to prove the existence of Atlantis, Proclus plainly infers that Atlantis was a part of Ethiopia. (See Cory’s Ancient Fragments of the Phoenician, Carthaginian, Babylonian, Egyptian and Other Authors, London, 1876. See also, Maynard Shipley’s New Light on Prehistoric Cultures and Bramwell’s Lost Atlantis.)

we find the great nations of the world, both past and present, worshipping black gods, then we logically conclude that these peoples are either members of the black race, or that they originally received their religion in toto or in part from black people. The proofs are abundant. The ancient gods of India are shown with Ethiopian crowns on their heads. According to the Old Testament, Moses first met Jehovah during his sojourn among the Midianites, who were an Ethiopian tribe. We learn from Hellenic tradition that Zeus, king of the Grecian gods, so cherished the friendship of the Ethiopians that he traveled to their country twice a year to attend banquets. “All the gods and goddesses of Greece were black,” asserts Sir Godfrey Higgins, “at least this was the case with Jupiter, Baccus, Hercules, Apollo, Ammon. The goddesses Benum, Isis, Hecate, Diana, Juno, Metis, Ceres, Cybele were black.” (Anacalypsis, Vol. I, Book IV, Chap. I.) Even the Romans, who received their religion mainly from the Greeks, admitted their debt to Egypt and Ethiopia.

A study of the images of ancient deities of both the Old and New Worlds reveal their Ethiopic origin. This is noted by Kenneth R. H. Mackezie in T. A. Buckley’s Cities of the Ancient World, p. 180: “From the wooly texture of the hair, I am inclined to assign to the Buddha of India, the Fuhi of China, the Sommonacom of the Siamese, the Zaha of the Japanese, and the Quetzalcoatl of the Mexicans, the same, and indeed an African, or rather Nubian, origin.” Most of these black gods were regarded as crucified saviors who died to save mankind by being nailed to a cross, or tied to a tree with arms outstretched as if on a cross, or slain violently in some other manner. Of these crucified saviors, the most prominent were Osiris and Horus of Egypt, Krishna of India, Mithra of Persia, Quetazlcoatl of Mexico, Adonis of Babylonia and Attis of Phrygia. Nearly all of these slain savior-gods have the following stories related about them: They are born of a virgin, on or near Dec. 25th (Christmas); their births are heralded by a star; they are born either in a cave or stable; they are slain, commonly by crucifixion; they descend into hell, and rise from the dead at the beginning of Spring (Easter), and finally ascend into heaven. The parallels between the legendary lives of these pagan messiahs and the life of Jesus Christ as recorded in the Bible are so similar that progressive Bible scholars now admit that stories of these heathen Christs have been woven into the life-story of Jesus. (These remarkable parallels are discussed and interpreted in a pamphlet, Christianity Before Christ, by John G. Jackson, New York, 1938.)

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Written by Tseday

August 22, 2008 at 2:18 pm

32 Responses

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  1. Could you make a documentary. Thank you.

    Suan

    June 9, 2010 at 4:29 am

  2. Beautiful Beautiful Post

    N3 - Nubian News Network

    August 8, 2010 at 8:46 pm

  3. Difficult to post it on Facebook. There is no link

    Sileshi

    February 25, 2011 at 1:28 pm

  4. Thank you for your feedback. I have updated the settings and you should now be able to share the posts using Facebook, Twitter or Email.

    Tseday

    February 26, 2011 at 10:31 pm

  5. since I have became intrested in Africa`s ancient past, I had narrowed the birth of ancient civilizations to one source (Ethiopia). I was able to do so by reasoning, without reading source material. However, I was aware that Ethiopia is the very cradle of mankind. With that said most Europeans still believe that some how they were the inhabitans.The land of Punt (Ethiopia) is God`s land and Egypt, and Nubia (Kush) are both born from God`s frist people Ethiopians. Thank you for telling the turth about how the African Kingdoms was the birth place of humankind.

    Cynthia Gilliard

    August 4, 2011 at 4:03 pm

  6. Remember the ancient ethiopia that your talking about is not located in the same place as modern ethiopia. The ancient etiopians look like south sudan people. however the modern ethiopians do have ancestry from ancient ethiopia and ancestry from Israel via King Solomon.

    beepBeep

    October 16, 2011 at 6:40 pm

  7. Brilliant expose

    Ras Albert Williams

    December 31, 2011 at 10:59 am

  8. ike this post since i have seen it. just i want to investigate ethiopian country. i’d like to say whoever know’s i wouid like to say it is a beautiful country

    robel

    January 4, 2012 at 4:22 am

  9. Ethiopia is a beautiful country than the others like Greece, America,London and then her favorite foods like dorowet.any way it is a beautiful countries

    robel

    January 4, 2012 at 4:26 am

  10. WHEN I READ THIS ANCIENT HISTORY OF ETHIOPIA , I FEEL A LOT OF THINGS IN MY MIND .LIKE ,THE BIBLE HISTORY RELATED WITH THE ABOVE HISTORY AND THE HADIS ALSO SAYING OR DOING BY PROPHET ALL THIS ARE CONFIRMED THE ABOVE MENTIONED HISTORY.

    ELIAS

    January 30, 2012 at 8:24 am

  11. Good Article, but how do you say Ethopia was first established country on Earth? As per Indian documents we are in 7th creation now and Indian history is atleast (25000 * 6) years old. I have studied most of religion of the world and the technologies they had. I dont believe they all came from one place.

    Religion of Buddha cannot be older than 3000 years as their documents are in Pali language. Pali came from Sanskrit which was born in India. We dont know how old is Sanskrit, most of languages European and Asian languages were born from it. If you get change, read Hindu book – Bramhanda Purana. Its history starts from creation of earth with Geography of every country. Earlier Europe and Africa and Asia were one continent.

    raj

    March 19, 2012 at 4:55 pm

  12. “Nabta Playa is an internally drained basin that served as an important ceremonial center for nomadic tribes during the early part of 9560 BC. Located 62 miles west of Abu Simbel some 60 miles west of the Nile near the Egyptian-Sudanese border. Nabta contains a number of standing and toppled megaliths. They include flat, tomb-like stone structures and a small stone circle that predates Stonehenge (2600 B.C.), and other similar prehistoric sites by 1000′s of years.

    abta Playa is an internally drained basin that served as an important ceremonial center for nomadic tribes during the early part of 9560 BC. Located 62 miles west of Abu Simbel some 60 miles west of the Nile near the Egyptian-Sudanese border. Nabta contains a number of standing and toppled megaliths. They include flat, tomb-like stone structures and a small stone circle that predates Stonehenge (2600 B.C.), and other similar prehistoric sites by 1000′s of years.

    Although some believe the high culture of subsequent Egyptian dynasties was borrowed from Mesopotamia and Syria, University of Colorado at Boulder astronomy Professor J. McKim Malville and others believe the complex and symbolic Nabta culture may have stimulated the growth of the society that eventually constructed the first pyramids along the Nile about 4500 years ago.(1, 2)

    The symbolic richness and spatial awareness seen in the Nabta complex of the Late Neolithic age may have developed from adaptation by nomadic peoples to the stress of survival in the desert. The ceremonial complex could not be more recent than the onset of hyperaridity in the region around 4800 years ago, suggesting that the astronomy and ceremonialism of Nabta occurred before most of the megalithic features of Europe, Great Britain, and Brittany were established. Within some 500 years after the exodus from Nabta, the step pyramid at Saqqara was constructed, indicating that there was a pre-existing cultural base, which may have originated in the desert of Upper Egypt. An exodus from the Nubian desert at 5000 years ago could have precipitated the development of social differentiation in predynastic cultures through the arrival in the Nile valley of nomadic groups who were better organized and possessed a more complex cosmology.”

    http://wysinger.homestead.com/nabtaplaya.html

    African123

    May 21, 2012 at 9:59 pm

  13. Awesome article. I’m definitely looking forward to reading more!

    Lagan Pillay

    July 29, 2012 at 2:26 pm

  14. Thank you very much sir!

    Chitumbiko

    August 17, 2012 at 1:27 pm

  15. i appreciate the research. it seems complicate. it needs more investigation.

    Abebe

    August 24, 2012 at 9:25 pm

  16. Thanks it’s a great article and It would also help to add an ancient map of ancient Africa as recent as prior to colonization e.g. Aethiopicus Oceanus is the present Atlantic Ocean that also supports the north/south American / Yucatan and Mayan relation,e.g.the word Africa originated from the classic Arabic word Afriqqiya/Alfarooq meaning distant land prior to that was called Aethiopia,,

    MekaEl

    September 3, 2012 at 5:22 pm

  17. o ETHIOPIA I am proud to be your son …. and I am the young having that hair,smile,patriot ……nice article.

    eyassu

    October 30, 2012 at 9:29 am

  18. The history that you have posted here is real that only few peoples & historiance knows.majority of the people are not blieve & they don’t need to accept the reality because they have a strategy to destroy all the black peoples history from the book, even from the Holly Bible & ‘Quran’ & only glorifay their owen limited history that is why many Europian countries especially Germany,Itly& France have been stoling many ancient historical books & materials during wars.they are still searching for. In short if we are blieving or not Ethiopia is the origen of man kind & civilization, the land of Tsion(zion),the land of holly spirit!. Thank you by the name of Ethiopia for telling us our history.

    Daniel Legesse

    November 7, 2012 at 2:09 pm

  19. our mam country Ethiopia was/is beautiful at every aspect of evidence but some individual are not accept the fact so all Ethiopian stand together and avoid internal enemy /obstacle of ethiopia

    daniel beliyu

    November 20, 2012 at 2:50 am

  20. This is an amazing story, but remember, the word “Ethiopia” means “ones with burnt skin” in Greek. Somehow, unexplained is how all these cultures tie together. I can tell you this..Ethiopian music is called “Oriental” and if you listen to the slow/pretty stuff, it unmistakenly uses asian scales. Also, ask any Ethiopian what they call the Egyptians. Strangely, two words: ‘Gyptian is the first, or really trippy beyond belief, “Gebs”. Now ask them what Gebs means, and they will all say they have no idea. Gebs is the name of the Egyptian god who is the father to all Egyptian gods, and is the god of the sky. Now how is that for carrying on an ancient cuture and not even knowing the connotation!!!!!!! These are some ANCIENT people who sadly, do not know a lot of the past. At one time, it was even the new Jeruselam, and they have tons of men with the name Solomon, who they revere. Also, the entire book of Enoch (known as Hennock) is written in Ge’ez, the precursor to Tigryna and Amharic. This version is the only book known from start to finish in the world. How did that happen???? It talks of the watchers, or Nephilim who hook up with Ethiopian women and have half breeds. God got pissed and sent them tot he middle of the earth, etc. I could go on an on.

    Dave

    November 21, 2012 at 1:01 am

  21. Ethiopia has always been where it is located in Ethiopia today. It may have extended outward from its present borders but it has always been located where it is today on the Continent of Africa. There is a lot of misinformation that has been spreading about Ethiopia’s origin since the 1700s. Many Biblical scholars did not want to believe Moses married a Black Ethiopian. During those times, White Supremacy was at its height. The common belief was it was vulgar to think that Moses would have anything to do with someone of color. So, they placed Ethiopia in the Middle East and painted his wife very light-skinned. (Moses was a Shemitic person of color, but many Western Christians painted him Anglo-looking)

    Biblical scholars are not Archeologists, and they based their information on emotions and not facts. Archeologists have already linked early settlements in the Middle East to Ethiopia, more specifically, the Oromo people. When Chaldean writings were discovered in old Middle Eastern ruins, Archeologists could not decipher them at first. Then, a linguist compared it to Oromo language and he was able to read Chaldean writings. The settlement of Chaldeans traced back to the Oromo people in Ethiopia with similar language, architecture style, culture, and religion. The Chaldeans were one of many groups of Ethiopians who settled in the Middle East/Asia.

    Africa123

    December 29, 2012 at 11:51 pm

  22. I made a mistake. Geb is not the father of all gods, he is the father of Osiris, Seth, Isis and Nephthys. But still, he must have had a big influence on ancient Ethiopians (a great title for a new show on History channel??) since they still call them this. I am not dissing christianity, but there is a ton of stuff we have no clue about that relates to ourselves that hopefully will be told to us (rightly, not bullsh!t) very soon. And Ethiopia has a huge part in it, or they would have been colonized like the rest of Africa. The AU is there and soon Addis will be the New York of Africa. Makes you wonder what really happened…

    Dave

    December 31, 2012 at 10:49 pm

  23. History is Avery complicated thing but we have to know our past to know our future. I am an Ethiopian I am proud to be ethiopian this is amazing

    Natnael Teferra

    January 17, 2013 at 2:03 pm

  24. actually i doubt the color of Jesus Christ which is now depicted as white European is correct. the ancient Egyptians who built the pyramid were black Africans. the current Egyptians are from the Persian land. all ancient civilization was blacks.the biblical Jews were not white!!!! there are black Jews in Palestine till today. Buddha was black(African). what makes white supremacy in the new age is the history of black slavery. Blacks mind is now washed. The truth is there is no white in the ancient history.

    ethio

    February 17, 2013 at 12:34 pm

  25. Ethiopia is the origin of mankind and civilization. The origin of Christianity and even Islam. Ethiopia is God’s land and its people are blessed religious people who each and everyday live by prayers and devotion to God.
    May God continue to Bless Ethiopia!

    unity

    October 20, 2013 at 11:57 am

  26. Excellent article, intelligently and beautifully crafted. Thank You!
    God Bless Ethiopia and our World!

    unity

    October 20, 2013 at 12:35 pm

  27. All over africa and india was called ethiopia not just modern ethiopia. The true ethiopians of india are still alive today. go to youtube and type andaman islands

    ghana questions and answers

    December 24, 2013 at 7:20 pm

  28. Don’t hijack history, modern ethiopians are africans all and they speak different languages of african origin. There is no Israeli origin in ethiopia but the israel people took their culture from ethiopia and egypt, That is why some ethiopians have similar culture to israel. Israel is a very young nation comapred ethiopians.

    ifa

    January 12, 2014 at 3:04 am

  29. LMAO The name Ethiopia came from a person named Ityopyis, the son of Cush, who was the son of Ham, who was the son of Noah, and is believed by Ethiopians to be the founder of Axum according to the Ge’ez Book of Axum which documents REAL ETHIOPIAN HISTORY not BULLSHIT EUROCENTRIC OR AFROCENTRIC MUMBO JUMBO, and can be checked out in the St. Mary of Zion Ethiopian Church in Tigray, Ethiopia. Also it’s said that the first Semetic-speaking Kings were also named Ityopya according to Traditional Ethiopian Kings List, this is even written with King Ezana’s inscriptions and tomb you moronic noobs. What you idiots are referring to is Aithiopia which the Greeks stole from Ityopians for political reasons, and plus Aithiopia DOES NOT mean “burnt face” LOL that mythical etymology was first coined by the moronic and clue-less British Eurocentric “Historian” Henry George Liddell in the 19th century (1800′s) for the Greek-English Lexicon, and these European “Historians” are world renown for LYING about REAL HISTORY, check out about those Brit Historians inventing the Aryan Invasion Myth that’s been debunked by smart Indian Scholars who saw through the Euro-centric catastrophic lying bullshit used to divide and conquer India; do you Idiots honestly believe we Ethiopians would call ourselves “Land of The Burnt Face”? LOL u idiotic Eurocentrists and Afrocentrists should say this bullshit to a REAL ETHIOPIANS’ face and see if they won’t spit in ur stupid ignorant faces. So many Ethiopian scholars debunked Henry Liddells’ etymology since this guy believed his own ignoramus ass and denied OUR OWN ETHIOPIAN HISTORY, and the Ethiopian scholars debunked him by showing that there was NO saying of any “Burn face” in relation to Aithiopia (which the Greeks stole from us) in any Ancient or Modern Greek writings, and Henry George Liddell coined this shameful and derogatory term on us and then pinned this on us, BUT the Ethiopian Scholars showed that IT WAS ALL FALSE, but Eurocentrists and Afrocentrists want you to believe otherwise, for their OWN AGENDAS, and happily spout and write this bullshit on sites such as Wikipedia (where Europeans and their descendants make up the majority of its users; editors, moderators, admins and the like etc.) And innocent people wanting to know about Ethiopia’s history get fooled into this nonsense and don’t see the actual TRUTH OF ITS HISTORY. So would you morons please kindly read REAL ETHIOPIAN HISTORY WRITTEN BY ETHIOPIANS and NOT EUROCENTRISTS OR AFROCENTRISTS because they are all LYING for their own gain, it’s never in the middle between these two types of lying-ass “Historians”. And I know all this because I’m an actual ETHIOPIAN, so don’t even tell me otherwise u idiot Afrocentrists and Eurocentrists, u both disgust me. Fucking shameful to a whole other degree.

    crazygobie@gmail.com

    March 16, 2014 at 8:00 am

  30. To ‘crazygobie@gmail.com’: You don’t have to use foul language to make your point!

    Tseday

    March 16, 2014 at 10:40 am

  31. Sorry! I’m Just getting a bit fed up when people are confusing the countries names and putting it with false etymologies. I don’t mean much with the obscurities I just wanted to prove a point that’s been a huge misunderstanding so please excuse the foul language thanks! I didn’t mean any harm. :)

    crazygobie@gmail.com

    March 17, 2014 at 3:09 am

  32. Another fascinating similarities between the ancient egyptian and ancient ethiopians is the word Khufu which means cruel named after the pharoe khufu who was a cruel king who treated the slaves badly during his reign in ancient Egypt

    liya

    August 1, 2014 at 11:11 am


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